There are an incredible 46 National Parks and National Park Reserves in Canada’s 13 provinces and territories, and each has its own story to tell. From the red sand beaches of Prince Edward Island to the Arctic Circle, there’s a park for every outdoor enthusiast to enjoy, no matter where you are in Canada.
Here’s one national park in every province and territory that is worth the visit all its own.
Newfoundland and Labrador—Gros Morne National Park
If Jurassic Park ever actually came to be, you’d be hard-pressed to find a more appropriate setting than Gros Morne National Park. It took 485 million years for the forces of nature to shape this park into a jaw-dropping wonder. Images can hardly do justice to the beautiful green river valleys sitting between massive, imposing cliff sides. These distinct mountains of flat rock are actually the exposed crust of the earth, and the site allowed geologists to prove tectonic plate theory. Gros Morne is a hiker’s dream, full of marked and unmarked trails to be explored and enjoyed.
PEI—Prince Edward Island National Park
What’s an island holiday without a little swimming? The 60-kilometre Prince Edward Island National Park captures the beautiful north shore of the province, including the many picturesque white and red-sand beaches. And you may need to take a dip after spending the day hiking, cycling, golfing, or geocaching. The park is also home to the Greenwich Interpretation Centre, which features 20 interactive and multimedia exhibits about the region, and the 10,000 years of history that shaped it.
Nova Scotia—Cape Breton Highlands National Park
If you’re after a breathtaking view, Cape Breton Highlands National Park should be at the top of your list. The park straddles the famous Cabot Trail, stretching from the east to the west coast of Cape Breton Island. In that stretch you’ll find amazing canyons, endless forests, plateau cliffs several lakes, and rivers, all yours to explore. For the best view, though, few places beat the Skyline Trail. This relatively easy five-mile round trip hike leads you to a cliff where you can watch the sun set over the Gulf of the St. Lawrence, while keeping your eyes peeled for breaching whales.
New Brunswick—Fundy National Park
Fundy National Park is home to the highest tides in the world. Twice each day, 100 billion tonnes of seawater causes the tides to rise up 12 metres, a phenomenon that has left its mark on the coastline. Beyond enjoying the tides in a kayak or boat, the park is really an outdoor adventurer’s paradise. Over 120 kilometres (76 miles) of walking and hiking trails will bring you through mountains, into valleys and forests, and past waterfalls. Rent a canoe, kayak, or just swim in beautiful Bennett Lake before setting up your tent for a night in the park.
Ontario—Bruce Peninsula National Park
Striking limestone cliffs and inviting shallow caves characterise the landscape of Bruce Peninsula National Park. Sitting right on the beautiful blue waters of Georgian Bay, this incredible environment makes the park a popular destination for camping, hiking, and even bouldering. You can also enjoy a relaxing swim or paddle, keeping an eye out for a variety of wildlife along the way, from rare reptiles to black bears.
Quebec—La Mauricie National Park
About halfway between Montreal and Quebec City lies La Mauricie National Park. The park’s 340 square kilometres sit in the Laurentian Mountains, whose rolling hills and valleys make it an exciting and very accessible hiking and mountain biking destination. Ninety-three percent of the park is covered by forest and much of the rest is taken up by some 150 lakes and ponds, so a trip to La Mauricie is really an opportunity to immerse yourself in nature. Camping, fishing, canoeing, swimming... this park has it all.
Manitoba—Wapusk National Park
One of the largest polar bear denning areas in the world is found in Manitoba’s Wapusk National Park (wâpask is the Cree word for white bear), and that’s just the tip of the wildlife iceberg. Arctic foxes, arctic hares, caribou, wolves, and even wolverines call the 7,130-square-kilometre park home. Found in the sub-arctic, bordering Hudson Bay, Wapusk National Park is a fantastic place to go on a wildlife tour, take a canoe excursion, and explore nearby historic fur trade sites.
Nunavut—Auyuittuq National Park
Glaciers, rugged mountains, and rivers dominate the terrain of Auyuittuq National Park. The prospect of some challenging terrain attracts leagues of hikers and skiers, most of whom follow the 95-kilometre Akshayuk Pass (known locally as Pang Pass), a traditional Inuit travel corridor that crosses the park. We can’t all take on 95 kilometres though, so visitors can also do day hikes to the Arctic Circle, or tackle the terrain via dogsled or snowmobile. If you’re going to visit anything in the park, make it Mount Thor. The aptly-named mountain has the world’s highest vertical drop, at 1250 metres. It’s really something to behold.
Saskatchewan—Grasslands National Park
When you imagine the prairies in your mind, the wide grassy plains, the sea of green, the bison herds, you’re essentially picturing Grasslands National Park. One of two national parks in Saskatchewan, Grasslands is a Dark Sky Preserve, making it a great place to enjoy unobstructed views of the starry sky. During the daytime, take an Ecotour Scenic Drive, essentially a prairie safari that will bring you close to a herd of bison, visit archeological digs and tours, or saddle up a horse and go on the trail with real cattle on the open range.
Northwest Territories—Wood Buffalo National Park
Have you ever visited a national park that’s bigger than Switzerland? Wood Buffalo National Park is Canada’s largest national park, at over 27,800 square kilometres. It’s also home to the world’s largest beaver dam, one of the world’s largest herds of free roaming bison, and the last remaining natural nesting area for the endangered whooping crane. Make sure you stop by the natural curiosity of the Salt Plains; the dried remains of a 380 million-year-old seabed where salt-like minerals are pushed to the surface from below—almost like stalagmites above ground.
Alberta—Banff and Jasper National Parks
Okay, so this is two National Parks but we couldn’t help ourselves. Banff and Jasper are the two most-visited national parks in all of Canada, and instead of trying to choose between them, we say “why not both?”
Banff National Park, the first designated National Park in Canada in 1885, is home to glaciers, forests, rivers, valleys, and of course, mountains, all of which will dazzle you with their scale and beauty. It’s in this park that you’ll find the picturesque Lake Louise, with its jaw-dropping turquoise blue waters set perfectly in front of the Victoria Glacier. Then there’s the beautiful Moraine Lake, equally photo-worthy and a great place for a hike or paddle. The park’s biggest body of water, Lake Minnewanka, is best explored on an hour-long boat cruise.
The northernmost national park in the Rockies, Jasper National Park is also the largest in the region, at 6,760 square kilometres. There is so much to explore in this immense park, starting with the beautiful Athabasca Falls. The 23-metre waterfall might not be that high, but its power is striking. Then there’s Maligne Canyon, a 50-metre-deep canyon that is home to waterfalls, fossils, and all kinds of flora and fauna
Yukon—Vuntut National Park
Too few people enjoy Vuntut National Park. The 4,340-square-kilometre park only receives some 25 visitors annually—the result of its location in Canada’s Far North, near the Arctic Circle. With no paved roads to drive and accessible only by plane, the vast, incredible wilderness of Vuntut goes largely unexplored. But if you’re looking for an adventure, the park is more than worth the trip. Witness 150,000 Porcupine Caribou move through the park in one of the largest mass migrations on earth, paddle under the midnight sun, or marvel at the Northern Lights.
British Columbia — Pacific Rim National Park Reserve
Beaches, rainforests, and rocky islands form the incredible Pacific Rim National Park Reserve. The 317-square-kilometre park really captures every setting that has come to characterize the Pacific Coast. Walk barefoot along the 16-kilometre aptly-named Long Beach, or don a wetsuit and try your hand at surfing. Fill your backpack with a week’s worth of supplies and head out through the rainforests, cliffs, waterfalls, and caves of the 75-kilometre (46-mile) West Coast Trail. Listen to the legends of the Nuu-chah-nulth First Nations and then trace that history under the canopy of giant Sitka spruce in the old growth forest. The Pacific Rim National Park is truly a Canadian treasure.